Oceans and forests are the lungs of planet earth. The oceans themselves absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide and 90% of all heat trapped in the atmosphere. Without them, the temperature on Earth’s surfaces would be twice what it is today.
But now the rapid increase in temperatures due to the unprecedented concentration of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere is making the oceans less healthy and affecting the terrestrial ecosystem as a whole. Climate change is transforming marine biodiversity, altering the chemical composition of the oceans, raising water levels and driving extreme weather.
Let’s break it down.